Research & Publications

My Research Labs 

MIT Sustainable supply chain lab

The Sustainable Supply Chain Lab helps companies meet their sustainability goals. 

Our mission is to support organizations to improve logistics and supply chain operations by creating applied and innovative research aimed at fostering growth, while considering environmental and social sustainability.

MIT low income firms transformation (lift) lab

The MIT LIFT lab focuses on alleviating poverty in developing countries and LIFTing the life of the bottom billion .

This initiative contributes to the survival and growth of micro and small enterprises, specifically by improving their supply chain management capabilities.


Academic Publications

Arroyo-López, P., Velázquez-Martínez, J.C., & Gámez-Pérez, K. M. (2021). Past behavior as a predictor of eco-driving practices: The case of a sustained intervention in a Mexican transportation companyInternational Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 1-14.

Muñoz-Villamizar, A., Velázquez-Martínez, J.C., Haro, P., Ferrer, A., & Mariño, R. (2021). The environmental impact of fast shipping ecommerce in inbound logistics operations: A case study in MexicoJournal of Cleaner Production283, 125400.

Muñoz-Villamizar, Velázquez-Martínez, J.C., Mejía-Argueta, C., Gamez-Perez , K.M. (2021). The impact of shipment consolidation strategies for green home delivery: A case study in a Mexican retail company. Accepted for publication in International Journal of Production Research.

Velázquez-Martínez, J.C., Tayaksi. C. (2021). Supply Chain Management for Micro and Small Firms in Latin America. In H.T.Y. Yoshizaki, C. Mejía-Argueta, & M.G. Mattos (Eds.). Supply Chain Management and Logistics in Emerging Markets. Emerald Publishing.

Silupu, B., Agurto, M., Merino, G., Uchofen, J., & Velázquez-Martínez, J.C. (2021). Adoption of best business and supply chain practices and Micro/small firm’s performance: Evidence from Northern Peru. In H.T.Y. Yoshizaki, C. Mejía-Argueta, & M.G. Mattos (Eds.). Supply Chain Management and Logistics in Emerging Markets. Emerald Publishing.

Gamez-Perez , K.M., M., Sarmiento, A. M., Garcia-Reyes, H., & Velázquez-Martínez, J.C. (2020). An international university-industry collaboration model to develop supply chain competences. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal.

Muñoz-Villamizar, A., Santos, J., Montoya-Torres, J. R., Velázquez-Martínez, J.C. (2019). Measuring environmental performance of urban freight transport systems: A case study. Sustainable Cities and Society, 52, 101844.

Tanco, M., Escuder, M., Heckmann, G., Jurburg, D., Velázquez-Martínez, J.C. (2018). The impact of Latin American research in Supply Chain Management: Challenges for the region. Supply Chain Management: an International Journal. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal.

Yoshizaki. H.T.Y., Velázquez-Martínez, J.C., Mejia-Argueta, C. (2018). Supply Chain Management and Logistics in Latin America: A Multi-Country Perspective. Emerald Publishing.

Leenders, B. P., Velázquez-Martínez, J.C., & Fransoo, J. C. (2017). Emissions allocation in transportation routes. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 57, 39-51.

Velázquez-Martínez, J.C., Fransoo. J.C. (2016). Green facility location. In Sustainable Supply Chains. Edited by Y. Bouchery, T. Tan., J. Fransoo, & C. Corbett. Springer.

Velázquez-Martínez, J.C., Fransoo, J.C.,Blanco, E.E., Valenzuela-Ocaña, K. (2016). A New Statistical Method of Assigning Vehicles to Delivery Areas for CO2 Emissions Reduction. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment. 43 133-144.

Velázquez-Martínez, J.C., Fransoo, J.C., Blanco, E.E., Mora-Vargas, J. (2014). The impact of carbon footprinting aggregation on realizing emission reduction targets. Flexible Services and Manufacturing Journal, 1-25.

Velázquez-Martínez, J.C., Blanco, E.E., Fransoo, J. C., Mora-Vargas, J. (2015). Transportation cost and CO2 emissions in location decision models. Beta Research School for Operations Management and Logistics/ TU/e. Working Paper series 451.

Supervised Theses

Behavioral Management Patterns: Small Firms’ Recipe for Growth
Publication Date: May 2019
More than 99% of the companies in the world are micro, small, or medium size enterprises and account for ~70% of the jobs, on average, in OECD countries. However, due to a lack of productivity, among other factors, only a third of them survive beyond 42 months. This paper explores…
Open E-commerce and the Environment: Finding the Optimal Location for In-store Pick-up configuration options

E-commerce and the Environment: Finding the Optimal Location for In-store Pick-up
Publication Date: May 2019
In recent years, ecommerce has been expanding at an increasing rate. Many retailers are making efforts to improve their channel integration to enhance the order fulfillments for their customers. Therefore, companies often see network optimization as a key element within the ecommerce building. At the same time, more companies are…

Gender Impact on Small Firms in Latin America
Publication Date: May 2019
Traditionally, female business owners have been believed to have relative disadvantages in operating businesses compared to their male counterparts especially in developing countries. This study examines whether gender difference affects the cash management efficiency of micro and small enterprises (MSEs) in Latin America. Cash conversion cycle (CCC), the metric which…

Impact of Freight Consolidation on Logistics Cost and Emissions
Publication Date: May 2019
The transportation sector is one of the two principal contributors to greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and its contributions are expected to double by 2050. Growing consumer demand for home deliveries with high service levels at low costs is quickly becoming the standard. As a result, retailers are transforming their supply…

Joint Replenishment and Base Stock Model for the U.S. Beer Industry
Publication Date: May 2019
The United States beer industry operates, by law, under a three-tier distribution network. MillerCoors [SAC1] has made the strategic decision to open distribution centers across the United States to handle complexity while maintaining service levels. Opening new distribution centers, and introducing a new tier to the supply chain, requires MillerCoors…

Optimal Green Fleet Composition Using Machine Learning
Publication Date: May 2019
Due to the use of petroleum-based fuel, the transportation sector is one of the two principal contributors to greenhouse gas emissions and its contributions are expected to double by 2050. Freight sector contributes to around 30% of all transport related CO 2 emissions. Since different type of vehicles exhibit different…

“Would You Be Willing to Wait?”: Consumer Preference for Green Last Mile Home Delivery
Publication Date: May 2018
The growing trend of e-commerce has led to new ways of selling and delivering products, resulting in increasing scale and complexity of last mile home delivery. The drive to provide convenience to consumers has led companies to offer faster delivery times. As a result, companies have focused on facility location,…

Improving the Survival Rate of Small Firms in Latin America: A case study in Aguascalientes, Mexico
Publication Date: May 2018
Micro and small firms represent the largest percentage of the businesses operating in Latin America having a high employability contribution and a high potential Gross Domestic Product (GDP) impact on the region. However, depending on the context of the country, region and sector nearly one out of four companies fail…

Network Design Model for Fuel Retail
Publication Date: May 2018
A small chain of gas stations in Brazil intends to expand to new retail locations. Which factors should it consider when locating new stations, in order to better leverage a combination of product prices and transportation costs? This work develops a Linear Optimization network design model in order to identify…

Risk Mitigation at Call Centers
Publication Date: May 2018
Climate catastrophes (i.e. tornadoes, hail, hurricanes, etc.) have a significant economic and operational impact on the operation of call centers. It was found that catastrophe events such as hurricanes critically impact the operation of the affected location for a period of two months after the hurricane has occurred. A sudden…

Route Clustering in Transportation with Geospatial Analysis and Machine Learning to Reduce CO2 Emissions
Publication Date: May 2018
The transportation sector is a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions; hence, it is desirable to lower carbon emissions from this sector, especially with the expected growth in transportation needs from e-commerce. Since a particular vehicle type may exhibit different emissions characteristics when operating in different regions, determining which vehicle…

Supply Chain Network Optimization for Global Distribution of Cementitious Materials
Publication Date: May 2018
Companies trading cementitious materials face an increasingly volatile economic environment and continuous challenges to ensure the availability of strategic raw materials. In this context, the ability to globally source slag represents a competitive advantage for cement companies because of the limited availability of the material, its importance in the cement…

The $100 question: Supply chain priorities for small firms
Publication Date: May 2018
A large majority of companies in Latin America are micro or small firms, making them an important part of the region’s economy. These firms are a relevant source of jobs, but a lack of managerial skills and resources threatens their survival. In this study, we analyze a set of supply…

The hidden impact of micro retailers’ survival rate on the logistics cost of consumer packaged goods companies
Publication Date: May 2018
Millions of mom-and-pop stores represent 40-70% of the market share of Consumer Packaged Goods (CPG) companies. Many of these stores are located in megacities in developing countries, cities over 10 million people, where characteristics such as traffic congestion and a dense population make the last-mile delivery process very complex. Therefore,…

How to Integrate your Production and Logistics Strategy: A New CLSP Formulation for a CPG Supply Chain
Publication Date: May 2017
In manufacturing companies, production strategies prioritize maximizing line efficiency which favors large lot sizes and few setups. On the other hand, logistics strategies prioritize minimizing inventory costs which favors smaller lot sizes and more setups. This thesis provides a new mixed integer linear model formulation that optimizes lot sizes such…

Multi-Echelon Inventory Modeling and Supply Redesign
Publication Date: May 2017
Many businesses struggle to optimize the flow of inventory and finished goods through existing plants and facilities. The integration of inventory costs, organizational processes, and changing business dynamics make it difficult to determine the optimal flow. This thesis examines the flow of raw materials and finished goods through the supply…

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Sustainable Supply Chain Management

Course Overview

The course studies operational aspects of sustainable supply chains. It focuses on analyzing the implications of environmental considerations in logistics decisions. The course covers carbon footprint, sustainable logistics, closed-loop supply chains, reverse logistics and sustainable supply chain strategy. Students work on a team project that evaluates the sustainable supply chain strategy of an industry or a publicly traded company.

Course Content
  • Introduction to Sustainable Supply Chains
  • Measuring Environmental Impacts in Supply Chains
  • Carbon Footprinting in Supply Chains
  • Closed-loop Supply Chains
  • Sustainable Sourcing
  • Sustainable Logistics